Two national public examinations
are given at the secondary level. These are as follows:
National Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT)
The National Secondary Assessment
Test is Administered to graduating high school students. The
NSAT tests abilities and skills in four subject areas: Communications
Arts in English and Filipino with 70 and 30 items, respectively,
science with 75 items, mathematics with 75 items, and aptitude
in technical-vocational fields with 50 items. Except in Filipino
Communication Arts, all tests are in English.
The NSAT assesses the competencies
to have been developed in second, third and fourth years in
high school. Competencies assessed in the NSAT were jointly
specified by the Bureau of Secondary Education and the National
Education Testing and Research Center (NETRC), but the development
of the test was solely done by the latter. NSAT was administered
to the fourth year high school population nationwide from 1994
to 1996 and to a representative sample from 1997 to 1998.
The specific objectives
of NSAT are similar with that of the NEAT, except in the school
level covered, the secondary schools. Both tests are administered
Philippine Education Placement Test (PEPT)
The Philippines Educational
Placement Test (PEPT) is the principal instrument used in the
Accreditation and Equivalency Program (AEP) which was first
established in 1977. The main objective of the AEP is to retrieve
out-of-school youths and place them in the formal school system,
if they so desire, and to place over-aged in-school youth in
the grade/year level corresponding to their ages. The PEPT tests
the competencies gained through formal, informal, and non-formal
education which are equivalent to those developed in five subject
areas--communication arts in English and Filipino, science,
mathematics and social studies--from first grade in the elementary
school to fourth year in the secondary school. Each subject
area test includes 120 test items in a multiple-choice format.
The regular PEPT is administered
in designated testing centers throughout the country, usually
on the last Sunday of November, in special examination centers
in April and May, and in walk-in examinations in the NETRC anytime
during the year.
The examination system of
the NSAT involves three levels of management: national, regional,
and division. In the national level, the Secretary, the Undersecretaries
and Assistant Secretariat of the DECS and some Central Office
Directors act as testing monitors and over-all coordinators
in their respective areas of assignment. In the regional level,
the Regional Director and Chiefs of the Elementary and Secondary
Education Divisions are responsible for the systematic and effective
administration of NSAT in the region. In the division level,
the Division Examination Committee (DEXCOM) chaired by the Schools
Division Superintendent, with the Assistant Schools Superintendents
for Elementary and Secondary Education, Provincial PNP Superintendents,
a representative each from the private school sector and the
state colleges and universities as members, is responsible for
the smooth implementation and administration of the test in
the schools within the schools division, which is usually comprised
of a province or a city.
The foregoing management
levels in the NSAT are also true in the PEPT except in the division
level where only DECS officials are involved.
Specifically, the examination
system undergoes the following steps and processes:
of Examinees. The testing
coordinator in the Division Office manages the registration
of examinees a few months before the date of examination and
the list of registered examinees per school and/or testing center
is forwarded to the NETRC as basis for the test materials to
of Test Materials. Printing
of materials is done by a contracting company under the direction
and close supervision of NETRC. Security measures to prevent
leakage of test are strictly enforced.
and Distribution of Test Materials. A
week or two before examination day, the test materials (test
booklets, answer sheets, and forms) contained in sealed boxes,
are delivered to the division office by NETRC personnel for
distribution to the schools and/or testing centers by division
supervisors one day before or on examination day.
of the Test. Tests
are administered by examiners assigned by the Schools Division
Superintendent. On examination day, the sealed boxes of test
materials for a school/testing center are delivered to the chief
examiner. The sealed boxes, containing sealed packages of 40/30
each of test booklets and answer sheets are opened in the presence
of all room examiners, and immediately distributed to each room
examiner an hour before testing time. Examination usually starts
at 8:00 o'clock in the morning.
of Test Materials. The
answer sheets, contained in sealed envelopes then packed in
sealed boxes, from each school/testing center are either delivered
to the division office by the chief examiner or retrieved by
a division supervisor from the chief examiner in the school.
Then, these are retrieved by NETRC personnel and brought to
the NETRC for processing. The test booklets, in some instances,
are given to the students or are retrieved and returned to the
Processing of answer sheets
is done by a contracting computer company under the direction
and close supervision of the NETRC in time for release of results
in January for NSAT, and in March for PEPT.
and Distribution of Test Results. The
master list of test results by school is sent to the Division
Office by NETRC through private forwarders or couriers and these
are forwarded to the schools by the Division Office.
on Test Results.
Test results are analyzed by the Research and Evaluation
Division of NETRC or by educational institutions contracted
7 : The Structure of the Philippine Educational System
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