Japan

Japan


SEAMEO -- Japan Cooperation

Background

Since 1972, Japan has been an active Donor to SEAMEO in the implementation of programmes and activities related to Human Resource Development of the Organization. The SEAMEO -- Japan Cooperation began when Japan hosted a meeting of the Central Coordinating Board of SEAMEO TROPMED in Tokyo, in 1968. Since then, Japan's support for SEAMEO's human resource development has been unstinting.

Objectives:
As a donor country, Japan's objective is simply to provide financial support to SEAMEO in order to assist the organization in reaching its development goals.

Areas of Assistance From FY 1970-1997
The four main areas of Japan's assistance to SEAMEO are in the form of untied contribution to the SEAMEO Educational Development Fund (SEAMEO EDF), financial support for technical equipment, experts services and the SEAMEO SPAFA Trust Fund.

SEAMEO Educational Development Fund
Japan's untied annual contribution to the SEAMEO EDF began in the early 1970's with a modest US$ 10,000. This untied contribution is channeled to support SEAMEO special funds namely, training and research scholarships, Governing Board Meetings, seminars, symposia and workshops and personnel exchanges of the Centres/Project. The Government of Japan, as a practice, announces its pledge of untied contribution and technical equipment support to SEAMEO at the SEAMEO Council Conference every year, through its representative at the Conference. In fiscal year (F.Y.) 1981 - 82, the Untied Contribution was increased from US$10.000 to US$ 100,000. Commencing F.Y. 1982/83 to F.Y. 1997/98, the amount of contribution has been at US$ 120,000 anually.

Contribution Towards the Purchase of Equipment for SEAMEO Regional Centres
Apart from the annual contribution to the SEAMEO EDF, since the early 1980's Japan has unfailingly contributed financial support towards the purchase of equipment to all the Centres/Project on a rotation basis. From F.Y. 1980/81, the Japanese Government has made an annual contribution of approximately US$ 55,000 to a SEAMEO Training Centre. Such generous financial support has enabled all the SEAMEO Centres to avail themselves of valuable technical, scientific and research equipment.

F.Y. 1980/81 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (RECSAM) Penang, Malaysia
F.Y. 1981/82 SEAMEO Regional Language Centre (RELC) Singapore
F.Y. 1982/83 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Tropical Biology (BIOTROP) Bogor, Indonesia
F.Y. 1983/84 SEAMEO Regional Tropical Medicine and Public Health Network (TROPMED) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1984/85 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (RECSAM) Penang, Malaysia
F.Y. 1985/86 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Educational Innovation and Technology (INNOTECH) Quezon City, Philippines
F.Y. 1986/87 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts (SPAFA) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1987/88 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts (SPAFA) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1988/89 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Graduate Study in Research and Agriculture (SEARCA) Laguna, Philippines
F.Y. 1989/90 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Tropical Biology (BIOTROP) Bogor, Indonesia
F.Y. 1990/91 SEAMEO Regional Tropical Medicine and Public Health Network (TROPMED) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1991/92 SEAMEO Regional Language Centre (RELC) Singapore
F.Y. 1992/93 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (RECSAM) Penang, Malaysia
F.Y. 1993/94 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts (SPAFA) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1994/95 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts (SPAFA) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1995/96 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Vocational and Technical Education (VOCTECH) Gadong, Negara Brunei Darussalam
F.Y. 1996/97 SEAMEO Regional Centre for Higher Education (RIHED) Bangkok, Thailand
F.Y. 1997/98 SEAMEO Regional Training Centre Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Experts Services
Through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) the Government of Japan has consistently despatched consultants and experts from Japanese Universities to assist in specific programmes and activities of the SEAMEO Centres/Project. The requests from the Centres/Project are consolidated by the Secretariat and submitted to the Japanese Embassy in Bangkok around August or September of every year. Forerunner to JICA was Tsukuba University which acted as the linkage for the identification of experts to assist in the institution building of the SEAMEO Centres/Project in the 1980's.

Japanese Government - SEAMEO SPAFA Trust Fund
In 1997 the Government of Japan, in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations of Japan, entrusted a sum of US$ 100,000 to SEAMEO in the form of Trust Fund. This Trust Fund was named as Japanese Government-SEAMEO SPAFA Trust Fund for the implementation of activities related to human resource development that are to be selected and decided on jointly by arrangement between the Government of Japan and SEAMEO. For F.Y. 1997/98, the Japanese Government renewed their support of the SEAMEO SPAFA Trust Fund in the amount of US$100,000.

Other Forms of Assistance
The Government of Japan has also extended funding grants to two SEAMEO Regional Centres for the construction of buildings to house their facilities. From 1975 to 1977, Japan extended a total of US$ 450,000, or US$150,000 per year, to SEAMEO BIOTROP for the construction of the Centre's research and training building. In 1979, Japan again assisted the Centre with a grant of US$ 150,000 for the construction of SEAMEO BIOTROP's auditorium building. In 1981, the Japanese Government approved the SEAMEO INNOTECH's request for a grant of Yen 1,020,000,000 or US$ 4.5 million for the construction of its headquarters building and a dormitory to house training participants. In 1982, the grant was made available and the construction of the buildings were completed and inaugurated on 17 May 1983.

Areas of Assistance from 1998 till present

For FY 1997/98 The Japanese Government contributed US$ 120,000 to SEAMEO Secretariat as Untied contribution towards SEAMEO EDF. SEAMEO RETRAC in Vietnam received US$55,000 to support the purchase of equipment.The Japanese government also renewed their support of the SEAMEO SPAFA Trust-Fund in the amount of US$100,000.

For FY 1999, The Japanese Trust Fund to SEAMEO SPAFA was spent on the preparation for publications on the Ban Chieng World Heritage Site for Thailand and a Guide to Luang Prabang for Lao PDR

During the 1997 G8 Summit in Denver, the then Prime Minister of Japan, Mr Ryutaro Hashimoto pointed out the importance of parasite control and stressed the need for international cooperation. As a result, the Asian Centre of International Parasite Control (ACIPAC) was established under the cooperation of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Mahidol University and the Department of Communicable Diseases Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, as research and training centre for health personnel and related sectors in malaria and parasitic diseases control. ACIPAC is attached to the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University and Professor Dr Sornchai Looareesuwan, Secretary-General/ Coordinator of SEAMEO TROPMED Network and Dean of the Faculty is the Project Manager. In the first five year plan, 1 April 2000- 31 March 2005 ACIPAC will convene an international Training Course on Parasite Control Management organized in collaboration with the countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region such as Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam. In March 2001, ACIPAC organized an International Symposium involving all authorities concerning International Health, Project participating countries, NGO's and experts to discuss international collaboration, curriculum development and the School Health Scheme.

For FY 2000/2001 The Japan-SEAMEO SPAFA Trust Fund was used by SEAMEO SPAFA to conduct the Ta Nei II Training Programme in Siem Reap, Cambodia and the Cultural Resource Management Training for Ta Nei I Trainees and Training in Museum Management for Laotian Museum Personnel.
SEAMEO SPAFA, SEAMEO CHAT and SEAMEO VOCTECH received grant from the Japan Foundation for conducting the Summer Field School on Historic Preservation and Cultural Resource Management,Workshop on the Development of Curricula and Teaching Materials in Southeast Asian History and the research on the Impact of Policy Systems on Vocational and Technical Education and Training in Asia Pacific respectively.
JICA supported activities of ACIPASC at SEAMEO TROPMED Regional Centre for Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University and also supported SEAMEO INNOTECH to conduct the Country Training programme on Technology Applications in Education and Trainers' Training on Planning and Management of Literacy Programs for Poverty Alleviation.
Toyota Foundation supported SEAMEO CHAT to conduct a Feasibility Study on the Publication of a Compact Encyclopedia in Southeast Asian History.

For FY 2001/2002 SEAMEO SPAFA implemented four programmes funded from the Japan SEAMEO SPAFA Trust Fund for Human Resource Development. SEAMEO SPAFA conducted training for personnel from Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos accordingly.
SEAMEO CHAT and SEAMEO VOCTECH received support from The Japan Foundation Asia Centre to convene the Workshop on Project to Review the State of Southeast Asian Historical Studies in Southeast Asian Secondary Schools and the conference on the Impact of Policy Systems on the Asia-Pacific Region. JICA contributed US$ 53,000 to SEAMEO INNOTECH for a seminar workshop on Technology Applications in Education: Teachers and Teacher Trainers; and continued to support activities of ACIPAC Regional Office in Bangkok. Toyota Foundation supported SEAMEO CHAT for its Compact Encyclopedia of Cultural History Project in the amount of US$ 10,000 while SEAMEO SEAMOLEC received from the Japan Solidarity Fund US$ 78,952 for Self -Learning Material Development Workshop. With the funding of US$ 10,000 , SEAMEO INNOTECH was able to conduct a three-day seminar workshop on Producing Quality ETV: Issues and Strategies for the Japan Prize Asian Special Session .

For FY 2002/2003, The Japan Foundation Asia Centre sponsored SEAMEO SPAFA-IDP International Conference on Issues of Culture, Context, & Choice in Development 28-30 November 2002 with the amount of US$ 18,100. Moreover, The Japan Foundation contributed US$ 17,550 for SEAMEO CHAT's project to Strengthen Southeast Asian Historical Studies in Southeast Asian Secondary Schools. Japan also supported the five annual activities of ACIPAC (The Asian Centre of International Parasite Control) which include, among others International Training Course on School-based Malaria and Soil-transmitted Helminthiases Control for Programme Managers. SEAMEO INNOTECH received direct contribution from JICA Third Country Training Programme of Peso 2,763,678.51 for the conduct of the course on Technology Applications in Education. JICA provided scholarship for participants from the SEAMEO Member Countries of Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, China, and Fiji. In addition, JICA sponsored the participant of a Japanese expert who served as resource person for the course.