According to the visit and the Secretariat's observation, the reading capacity of students at Ban Pruewai School and Ban Subsanoon School is lower than the national standard. The Secretariat provided the following support to the two schools:

  • Supervision to school directors and librarians to improve the reading environment in the library and develop activities to encourage students to visit the library
  • Provision of book shelves, new books, and educational resources and games for libraries
  • Introduction of the project "Reading Promotion Campaign" at Ban Pruewai School and Ban Subsanoon School.
New library of Ban Pruewai School and Library of Ban Subsanoon School

Background

During the SEAMEO Council President's visit to the SEAMEO Secretariat on 17 July 1996, His Excellency Sukavich Rangsitpol announced that many of the primary schools in rural Thailand are considered "backward" compared to schools that receive funding from the community in addition to government allocations. A prime example is the Ban Prue Wai Primary School of the Chachoengsao Province which H E Sukavich Rangsitpol proposed to the SEAMEO Secretariat Director to adopt. The SEAMEO Secretariat Director accepted the SEAMEO Council President's proposal and promised to assess the needs of the school in order to improve its present condition.

The first official visit to the school was conducted upon invitation of the SEAMEO Council President during the SEAMEO Centre Directors Meeting (CDM) on 24 July 1996. The SEAMEO Secretariat Director, SEAMEO Centres' Directors, and other SEAMEO Staff toured the school and its facilities. The Centre Directors agreed at the CDM to adopt the Ban Prue Wai Primary School as a SEAMEO community involvement project.

A report on the project was presented before the 32nd SEAMEO Council Conference in February 1997 in Manila. The Council recommended that SEAMEO Community Involvement Project undertake the development and promotion of a school adoption programme in Member Countries.

Under the Council's recommendation, three SEAMEO Centres have adopted four primary schools. In the Philippines, SEAMEO INNOTECH adopted two primary schools: Toro Hills Elementary School and Pura Kalaw Elementary School in Quezon City. Also in the Philippines, SEAMEO SEARCA adopted the Maahas Elementary School in Los Banos, Laguna. In Brunei Darussalam, SEAMEO VOCTECH adopted Jerudong Primary School. Including the Ban Prue Wai Primary School, SEAMEO has adopted five primary schools altogether.

Objectives of the Adoption

The initial objective is to improve the existing school system. This will focus on the students, learning facilities (e.g. books, libraries, and teaching aids), teachers, school management, and parent involvement. The long term objective is to help the school achieve sustainability.

The Implementation in 1997 - 1999

The activities conducted at the schools vary according to the needs of the adopted school, and the specialization and resources of the adopting SEAMEO Centre.

SEAMEO Secretariat has assisted in collecting donations for and conducting some activities to improve the sub systems of the Ban Prue Wai Primary School.

SEAMEO INNOTECH has trained eight teachers from the Toro Hills Elementary School and seven teachers from Pura Kalaw Elementary School, all of whom were invited to SEAMEO INNOTECH's training courses on scholarship. One teacher from the Toro Hills Elementary School was invited to participate in a seminar-workshop of Project INVENT held at Bicol University from 13 to 26 April 1998. Teachers were encouraged to bring about change within their schools by developing an adopted school capacity building system. SEAMEO INNOTECH made donations of furniture and equipment including computers. With the use of new Centre-developed technologies, research methodologies and teaching strategies, schools are expected to reap more benefits from these programmes.

SEAMEO SEARCA has donated computers, furniture and books to the Maahas Elementary School and has provided teacher training on computer operation. In order to link the adopted school to other schools in the region, an application for telephone service has been filed with the Philippine Long Distance Company (PLDT). In order to involve the surrounding community, an organizational meeting of the Community School Board has been arranged. A plan has been proposed for teachers to update their skills with continuing education courses offered in English, Mathematics and Science. For the school year of 1998/1999, fifty scholarships have been pledged for indigent students from various grade levels. Future plans include more teacher training, provision of internet access, continuation of scholarship provision to indigent students, library enhancement, enrichment courses for the school graduates in preparation for high school entrance examinations, formalizing and strengthening the Community School Board as an advisory body to the school.

SEAMEO VOCTECH has completed the needs assessment of the school through on-site visits and held a workshop to focus on the school's development. Three out of five areas of concern need to be immediately addressed, which include teachers' training, school management and attitudinal change. Based on the results of the needs assessment, a plan of action has been implemented to improve the existing condition of the school. The needs are as follows:

  1. provision of relevant training programmes to enhance teaching competencies for both teachers and administrators;

  2. provision of professional counsellors;

  3. guidance in conducting workshop/seminars to enhance teaching and learning activities;

  4. promotion of amicable pupil-teacher-parent relationships;

  5. establishment of a teachers' guidance clinic; and

  6. motivation of higher levels of achievement in teachers, parents and pupils.

In order to provide the necessary assistance, the Project team requires two years, from July 1997 to June 1999, to complete this project. Activities in the first year were focused on training teachers to bring about change within their schools through the development of a school capacity building system:

  1. October 1997, formulation of strategic planning;
  2. November 1997, Computer Literacy training for 15 teachers;
  3. From 6 to 9 May 1998, a resource person from SEAMEO INNOTECH facilitated training on Critical Thinking Development for elementary school teachers. There were 26 elementary school teachers from Jerudong Primary School and surrounding primary schools in attendance;
  4. From 20 to 22 May 1998, a resource person from SEAMEO RELC facilitated training on Developing Reading Skills. There were 24 teachers from Jerudong Primary School and surrounding primary schools in attendance.
  5. From 22 to 25 June 1998, a resource person from SEAMEO VOCTECH facilitated a workshop on Operating Overhead Projector and Transparencies for Effective Teaching. There were 25 teachers from Jerudong Primary School and surrounding primary schools in attendance

SEAMEO Community Involvement Activities, implemented by SEAMEO Units are as follows:

Progress Report

All SEAMEO Regional Centres have actively implemented the SEAMEO Community Involvement Programme since year 2000. The activities implemented by SEAMEO Units have been focused on providing specific training and technical assistance for improving the quality of life of society and the community through expertise of the SEAMEO Units and their partnership with related institutions and private organizations in the society.

To effectively implement the programme, the SEAMEO Centres have worked collectively to develop a joint programme with various partners such as community centres, foundations, government organisations, universities and private companies.

The activities undertaken for the SEAMEO Community Involvement Programme by the SEAMEO Regional Centres in FY 2008/2009 can be grouped and summarised into the following five areas:

  1. Educational Development Activities

The Educational Development Activities include the development and improvement of local schools' capacities and school adopted programmes. The activities involve building capacity programmes for school administrators and teachers, enhancing skills of students, providing resources, and improving facilities. The activities are as follows:

  • School Adopted Programme of SEAMEO Secretariat, SEAMEO CHAT, SEAMEO INNOTECH and SEAMEO SEARCA
  • Providing technical assistance and expertise to the SEAMEO QEE School Network by SEAMEO INNOTECH
  • Training and Research Partnership Programme with 14 local schools by SEAMEO RECSAM
  • Free Scholarships to Teachers by SEAMEO RECSAM
  • Training on School Leadership and Management Skills for schools in remote and disadvantaged areas in Vietnam by SEAMEO RETRAC
  • Series of ICT Skills Training for Indonesian teachers by SEAMEO SEAMOLEC. The training series included basic ICT skills development, web-based courseware development and integrating ICT into the classroom
  • On-line Examination Programme for high school students in Malang, developed by SEAMEO SEAMOLEC

  1. Social and Human Resources Development Activities

The activities for Social and Human Resources Development include conducting specific training programmes to improve vocational and social skills of people and providing various support to improve quality of life of disadvantaged people in remote areas and in the community. The activities are as follows:

  • Special training programmes through introduction of simple applied technology to generate additional incomes of community by SEAMEO BIOTROP such as aromatic distillation agro-industry, catfish farming and oyster mushroom production.
  • Scientific Drawing Programme for orphans and disabled children in Bogor City by SEAMEO BIOTROP
  • Tradition Awareness Programme to promote value of tradition, custom and minority languages by SEAMEO CHAT
  • Three Talks Programme to upgrade language proficiency of the different communities in Singapore by SEAMEO RELC
  • House building for disadvantaged people in Ben Tre Province by SEAMEO RETRAC
  • Community-based Heritage Conservation Projects in Phrae Province by SEAMEO SPAFA
  • Natong Community Participatory Archaeological Research Project by SEAMEO SPAFA
  • Donations such as blood donation, used equipment and financial support to the community

  1. Health Development and Promotion Activities

The activities for Health Development and Promotion include the development of capacity building programmes on disease prevention, nutrition and food safety for experts/ specialists, community leaders, teachers, students and the general public. The activities are:

  • Health Promotion Programme against tropical diseases conducted by SEAMEO TROPMED Thailand
  • Capacity Building Training on Nutrition and Food Safety for nutritionists and health officials by SEAMEO TROPMED-RCCN
  • Hands-on Workshop on Nutrition and Food Safety for Environmental Health Workers of Health Care Centres and District Health Offices in Indonesia. This programme is a partnership among SEAMEO TROPMED RCCN, SEAMEO BIOTROP and SEAMEO SEAMOLEC.

  1. Environmental Development Activities

The activities have been focused on providing training based on the Centre's expertise to promote and educate people on the sustainable development and environmental conservation. Samples of Centres' activities are shown as follows:

  • Special training programmes on technique of composting from domestic waste, organic farming and soil conservation by SEAMEO BIOTROP
  • Joint Collaboration between Karawang International Industrial City, SEAMEO BIOTROP, SEAMEO SEAMOLEC, and SEAMEO TROPMED RCCN to conduct a community development programme for 5 villages around the Industrial City
  • Environmental Awareness Programme: Planting of Trees by SEAMEO CHAT
  • Tree-Planting Programme organised by SEAMEO SEARCA in collaboration with the Boy Scouts of the Phillipines
  • A One-day Workshop on "Promoting Scientific Investigative Skills on Environmental Problems and Issues" for school children in community by SEAMEO RECSAM in collaboration with Penang State Government

  1. Responding to Global and Regional Emerging Issues

In order to respond to the global and regional emerging issues, the awareness raising programmes on the following issues were conducted by SEAMEO Units:

  • Climate Change Awareness Seminar on Climate Change Scenarios and its Implication on Ecosystem and Biodiversity, Food Security and Health for school administrators, community leaders and general public by SEAMEO RECSAM
  • School-based Approach Programme on Emerging Infectious Disease Control, with emphasis on Avian Influenza in Thailand by SEAMEO TROPMED Thailand
  • ASEAN Awareness Programme with secondary schools by SEAMEO CHAT

Fiscal Year 2007/2008

SEAMEO BIOTROP as a host institution of RCE Bogor has been conducting several activities related to community development and education for sustainability development. Several stakeholders' meetings have been conducted resulting the willingness of the stakeholders to take part in action in the domain of ESD. At the moment, RCE Bogor stakeholders consist of Municipality of Bogor, research centres, selected public and private primary and high schools, NGOs and business enterprises. Ministry of Men Power and Transmigration has included the activities related to ESD in cooperation with RCE Bogor.

Internally, at SEAMEO BIOTROP Campus, a pilot project: "the Green and Clean" activity by managing our organic waste from the canteen has been conducted. We separate our waste to compost the organic matter. A technology for managing waste from Bogor market using worms has been applied. This programme is the continuation of the cooperation programme with municipality of Bogor since 2004.

An agribusiness workshop focusing on Floriculture was conducted at SEAMEO BIOTROP on 1 May 2007. Dr Benny Tjia from PT Mandiri Jaya Tropika (private enterprise) presented his experienced in the floriculture business. The workshop was attended by 26 (twenty six) participants from government agencies, private enterprises, and farmers.

On 2 August 2007, a seminar on "Education for Sustainable Management" was conducted. Forty-five participants from SEAMEO BIOTROP (staff and scientists), IPB staff, IPB students, private enterprises and senior high school teachers attended the seminar. The resource person for this seminar was Mrs Tri Mumpuni from People Cantered Business and Economic Institute (IBEKA) based in Bandung. Mrs Tri Mumpuni and her team have successfully implemented numerous electrification projects, which resulted in more than 50 villages in remote parts of Indonesia having access to electrical power. She shared her expertise in the seminar by initiating a forum on energy efficiency and conservation in Indonesia and how to work with media on an accurate coverage of energy issues.

Mrs Tri's community-based hydro electrification scheme is bringing electricity to the 75 million rural Indonesians currently without it. Indonesian communities have experimented with small-scale hydropower generation in the past, but the technology's scalability has been limited by financial and regulatory obstacles. She launches community-based off-grid hydro systems, which she then connects with the state-run electricity company. This attractive business model draws private investors to provide the initial funding for the hydropower system in partnership with the community, allowing her to rapidly spread her model across Indonesia.

On 28 May 2008, a training on organic farming, focusing on "Organic Farming Activities at School Garden" was conducted for science school teachers. Thirteen various school teachers (primary, junior, high and special schools), including private schools participated in the training. The school teachers agreed to insert practical activities such as organic farming in their teaching. A request on curriculum design for biology has been raised from this training. RCE Bogor and SEAMEO BIOTROP will be the host and the facilitator to fulfill this demand.

Training on "Organic Farming Activities at School Garden" to Science School Teachers

The seminar on Education for Sustainable Development I: Environmental Conservation and Economic Value Added of Waste was jointly organized by RCE-Bogor and SEAMEO Regional Centre for Tropical Biology on 19 June 2008 at SEAMEO BIOTROP, Bogor. The seminar was attended by 90 participants i.e. high school teachers, college students, and private sectors.

A keynote paper entitled "Urban Waste Management Model and Economic Valuation of Waste" was presented by Dr Hartrisari H, BIOTROP Enterprise Development Centre Unit Head. She concluded that urban waste management model could be used to predict the amount of waste related to the total allocated funds for waste transportation. In addition, Dr Hartrisari explained that waste management model could also be used as a tool for policymaking in the management of urban waste.

Fiscal Year 2008/2009

Objectives:
The objectives of the community involvement programmes conducted by SEAMEO BIOTROP are:

  • To improve community welfare through introduction of simple applied technology to generate additional income.
  • To promote education for sustainable development.
  • To strengthen the collaboration between SEAMEO BIOTROP with the community around the Center and beyond.

Activities:
Several community involvement programmes have been conducted during the fiscal year 2008/2009, such as training courses on:

  • Tissue culture techniques
  • Organic farming in the limited area of land and biophores as the alternative of soil conservation
  • Technique of composting from domestic waste
  • Organic farming at school and education for sustainable development concept and analysis

Training Courses on Organic Farm

  • Organic farming focusing on rice productivity
  • Establishing collaboration with a private company managing an industrial park (Karawang International Industrial City), Bogor Agricultural University, SEAMOLEC, and SEAMEO TROPMED RCCN UI to conduct community programme for 5 villages around the working area of the company
  • Fruit chips agro-industry
  • Aromatic distillation agro-industry
  • Scientific drawing programme for orphans and disabled children around Bogor City
  • Catfish farming technique on knock-down ponds
  • Oyster mushroom production

MOU signing on Community Development between BIOTROP, SEAMOLEC, TROPMED Indonesia, Bogor Agriculture University and Karawang International Industrial City

Scientific Drawing Programme for orphans and disabled children

Other activities related to community involvement were:

  • Blood donation
  • Food Stuff Bazaar
  • Mass Circumcisions

Target groups:
A total of 332 people attended the various training courses listed above. They are:

  • High school teachers
  • University students
  • Children from orphan houses
  • Disabled children from various primary schools
  • Farmers and community members from different villages mainly from around the SEAMEO BIOTROP

Partners:
The community involvement programmes have been conducted with support of various institutions, i.e.:

  • Bogor Agricultural University
  • Research Center for Biology and Genetic (BALITBIOGEN)
  • Bandung Institute of Technology
  • SEAMOLEC
  • SEAMEO TROPMED RCCN UI
  • Private companies,i.e. Sari Sehat Multi Farms (producing mushroom and herbal drinks), and Karawang International Industrial City (an industrial park)

Fiscal Year 2009/2010

The Community involvement programme for fiscal year 2009/2010 will be consisted of:

  • Continuation programmes, including: training on tissue culture, catfish farming, organic farming, and mushroom farming.
  • Strengthening the implementation of the community involvement programme in collaboration with Karawang International Industrial City, SEAMOLEC and SEAMEO TROPMED RCCN UI
  • Launching of special programme on sorghum based community development for food, feeds, and bio-energy production for community in remote area in collaboration with the Ministry of Research and Technology, Mining and other companies
  • Improvement of demonstration plots to support community involvement programmes, such as permanent plot for organic farming, fish ponds, and mushroom production houses